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Lassa Fever Outbreak in Nigeria: NCDC Reports Increased Cases and Fatalities

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Lassa Fever Outbreak in Nigeria: NCDC Reports Increased Cases and Fatalities

Lassa Fever Outbreak in Nigeria: NCDC Reports Increased Cases and Fatalities

The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (NCDC) has issued a concerning update on the ongoing Lassa fever outbreak. Their latest report, covering the period between January and March 2024 (weeks 1-13), reveals a rise in both confirmed cases and fatalities compared to the same period in 2023.

Lassa Fever Outbreak in Nigeria: NCDC Reports Increased Cases and Fatalities

According to reports and analysis the following statistics are as follows;

Deaths: A total of 150 deaths were attributed to Lassa fever across 125 local government areas in 27 states.

 

Case Fatality Rate (CFR): The CFR reached 18.6%, exceeding the previous year’s rate of 17.5%.

 

Confirmed Cases: Out of 5,295 suspected cases reported, 806 were confirmed as Lassa fever. There was a decrease in new confirmed cases in week 13 (15 cases) compared to week 12 (25 cases).

 

Geographic Distribution: Ondo, Edo, and Bauchi states accounted for 62% of confirmed cases, with Ondo (24%), Edo (22%), and Bauchi (16%) being the most affected within this group. The remaining 38% of cases were spread across 24 other states.

 

Age and Gender: The 31-40 age group was most impacted, with a nearly equal distribution between males and females (1:1 ratio).

 

 

The NCDC report highlights a rise in suspected cases compared to 2023, indicating a potentially larger outbreak.  In response, the agency has activated the National Lassa fever multi-partner, multi-sectoral Incident Management System to coordinate a comprehensive response across all levels at the Emergency Operations Centre (EOC).

 

The NCDC’s report serves as a critical update on the Lassa fever situation in Nigeria. Continued vigilance, effective case management, and heightened public awareness remain crucial to controlling the outbreak and reducing fatalities.

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