Factors Affecting Ovulation

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Factors Affecting Ovulation

Factors Affecting Ovulation

Ovulation is the process by which a mature egg is released from the ovary and travels down the fallopian tube, ready to be fertilized. This fundamental process is essential for reproduction and is controlled by a complex interplay of hormonal, biological, and environmental factors.

Factors Affecting Ovulation

1. Hormonal Factors:

The primary hormone responsible for ovulation is follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), produced by the pituitary gland. FSH stimulates the growth and maturation of ovarian follicles, which contain the eggs. As the follicles grow, they produce estrogen, which triggers a surge in luteinizing hormone (LH). This LH surge causes the dominant follicle to rupture and release an egg into the fallopian tube.

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What Every Woman Should Know About Ovulation

Any disruption in this delicate hormonal balance can affect ovulation. Conditions such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or thyroid disorders can cause irregularities in FSH and LH levels, leading to irregular or absent ovulation.

2. Age:

As women age, their fertility declines due to various factors such as a decrease in egg quality and quantity. Women are born with a finite number of eggs that gradually decreases over time until menopause when no more viable eggs are left for ovulation.

3. Stress:

Stress can have a significant impact on ovulation through its effects on hormonal balance. When we experience stress, our body produces cortisol – known as the “stress hormone.” High levels of cortisol can disrupt normal hormonal patterns


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